How does Tooth Decay Start?
Tooth Decay can go for long without detection. It often happens when plaque of bacteria develops on your teeth and combines with the sugar from your foods to make acids. These acids gradually soften and dissolve the hard enamel encasing your teeth. If neglected, the decay will penetrate through every layer of your tooth.
Symptoms and Severity of Tooth Decay
Until the decay goes deep down from the enamel to the dentin, you will probably not feel any ache or sensitivity. The dentin contains small nerve endings that can be easily inflamed and cause sensitivity when you consume cold, hot, sticky, sweet, and sour foods. You may also feel pain when biting, and food debris will be trapped easily between your teeth.
The decay quickly spreads rapidly through dentin because it is not as hard as the enamel. Root decay will also follow and happen fast because the cementum layer on the root is soft. The longer you leave tooth untreated, the worse it becomes.
The ache from tooth decay can be severe and make your routine uncomfortable. Infection often sets in when the decay gets to the pulp section of your tooth.
Tooth Decay Treatment
After the examination, if the dentist discovers a little portion of erosion on your enamel when the dentin is not affected, you may be advised on which approach to take to restore that area. Such recommendations may include the use of a special toothpaste for remineralization, materials containing calcium, phosphate, and fluoride. This would help stall the development of decay or cavities.
Once the decay gets to the dentin, there’s no way to reverse it. The dentist will attempt to fix the cavity using tooth-colored resin substance or amalgam filling (made of silver and other metals). If the structure of the tooth has severely degraded, the dentist may suggest dental crowns. Crowns will strengthen, shape, and restore the normal functions of your teeth. However, they are more expensive than standard filling.
In more severe cases like an abscessed tooth, your treatment choices are limited. You can either choose a root canal treatment or tooth removal, although this is usually the final choice if there is no other method to repair the tooth. If you need a root canal, the dentist remove the affected pulp, clean, and fill the pulp chamber. Most of the time a crown is required when a root canal filling has been completed.
Here’s the bottom line
It is evident that the longer you procrastinate on dental treatment, the more complicated and expensive the treatment becomes, and more pain too. You should visit the dentist immediately you notice discomfort in your tooth. You can prevent tooth decay through excellent oral hygiene. Regular brushing, flossing, and visits to the dentist help. Another reason to visit the dentist on a regular basis to prevent these issues in the first place.
For more information or to schedule an appointment with Robert B. Shelton, DDS MAGD, request an appointment in our Longview dental office here: https://www.sheltondentistry.com. Or call us at (903) 757-6243.
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